|Benjamin F. Kelley|
After burning Chambersburg, McCausland's command was being heavily pressed by pursuing Union cavalry under Brigadier General William Averill. McCausland moved his command from Chambersburg toward Hancock, Maryland where he would again demand a ransom. McCausland's main objective during this raid was the capture, ransom, and burning of Chambersburg but he had orders from General Early to ransom any town that his force may enter and if need be destroy them if they ransom cannot be met. One such town was Hancock, Maryland. McCausland entered the town on July 31st and demanded a $30,000 dollar ransom that enraged Marylanders within the Confederate force. The citizens of Hancock tried to raise the funds as quickly as possible but General Averill's 2,000 man brigade arrived and forced the Confederates to retreat from the town. McCausland put his men on the National Pike heading towards Cumberland.
Courtesy: Western Maryland Historical Library